Ruling protects communities, prevents harm to wetlands, air and water quality, and animals such as polar bears
Anchorage, AK

Sovereign Iñupiat for a Living Arctic, Defenders of Wildlife and four other allied groups celebrate today’s U.S. District Court decision protecting the health of Arctic communities by upholding the law and voiding the flawed Trump-era approvals and permits for the ConocoPhillips’s Willow Master Development Plan. The court determined that the Interior Department violated the National Environmental Policy Act and the Endangered Species Act.

“This is a win for our climate, for imperiled species like polar bears, and for the local residents whose concerns have been ignored,” said Nicole Whittington-Evans, Alaska program director, Defenders of Wildlife. “We welcome the court’s decision upholding the rule of law and we urge the administration to examine alternatives to this massive destructive project.”

Polar bear mom and cub looking for food
Cheryl Strahl

Trustees for Alaska filed the lawsuit in November, charging the Interior Department, U.S. Bureau of Land Management and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service with prematurely and illegally authorizing the project. In February, the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals granted a request for an injunction and temporary restraining order to stop winter blasting, gravel mining, and road construction from harming the community of Nuiqsut while the District Court ruled on the merits of the case. In today’s ruling, the District Court found that Interior failed to comply with the National Environmental Policy Act and the Endangered Species Act.

ConocoPhillips applied for its permits and rights-of-way to drill in December, and had planned to start construction work on Feb. 2, 2021, but was forced to stop construction by the Ninth Circuit’s injunction. BLM gave the green light on Jan. 20, the same day as President Biden’s Inauguration, for construction to proceed. BLM says it signed off on Willow before seeing Biden’s Secretarial Order prohibiting the agency from authorizing on-the-ground activities, and has continued to defend Willow in Court, despite the earlier ruling from the Ninth Circuit pausing the project due to likely legal violations.

Today’s court decision nullifies all BLM’s approvals and permits and voids the FWS’s biological opinion because of “serious errors” in the analysis. The Interior Department will need to start decision-making processes over, and thoroughly assess, analyze and address impacts before making any further decisions on the project.

Law firm Trustees for Alaska represents six clients in the lawsuit: Sovereign Iñupiat for a Living Arctic, Alaska Wilderness League, Defenders of Wildlife, Northern Alaska Environmental Center, Sierra Club, and The Wilderness Society. Find the court’s ruling here.

Client Statements:

“Today's court win recognizes that our land and our people deserve dignity and a pursuit of greater 
meaning,” said Siqiñiq Maupin, executive director of Sovereign Iñupiat for a Living Arctic. “When we do not have to medivac our children out of the village so they can breathe, we can teach them how the native plants can be eaten. When oil fields aren't blocking the migration and causing our caribou to starve, we can teach our youth how to hunt for our elders. This is our way of life, and today we defended it in court, and tomorrow and every day after that we will fight to protect it.”

“This ruling is good news for the future of Arctic Alaska,” says Scott Fogarty, executive director of the Northern Alaska Environmental Center. “We’re grateful to see that the court recognizes the 
unacceptable impacts the Willow project would have on the people, climate, and wildlife of the region. And of course these impacts aren’t only local, but global; the era of massive fossil fuel infrastructure projects is over, and we’d like to see the Biden administration stand by their commitment to climate action, and keep destructive projects like Willow from moving forward at all.”

“We went to court because this project was rubber-stamped by BLM without meaningful disclosure or a plan to offset the environmental damage that drilling causes to local communities and the unique, wild places that deserve protection,” said Karlin Itchoak, Alaska director for The Wilderness Society. “This ruling is a step toward protecting public lands and the people who would be most negatively impacted by the BLM’s haphazard greenlighting of the Willow project.”

“Today’s decision validates what we’ve been saying throughout Willow’s approval process, that the Trump bureau downplayed the significance of climate change, underestimated emissions, and ignored the concerns of local Indigenous communities toward increased oil and gas extraction in the region,” said Kristen Miller, acting executive director at Alaska Wilderness League. “The Biden administration must now review Willow with a fresh eye. The reality is that a massive oil project like Willow, so close to local communities and projected to emit hundreds of millions of metric tons of CO2 into the atmosphere over the course of its lifetime, moves us away from our nation’s long-term climate and environmental justice goals and simply should not move forward.”


Defenders of Wildlife is celebrating 75 years of protecting all native animals and plants in their natural communities. With a nationwide network of nearly 2.2 million members and activists, Defenders of Wildlife is a leading advocate for innovative solutions to safeguard our wildlife heritage for generations to come. For more information, visit and follow us on Twitter @Defenders.

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