A medium-sized wildcat, ocelots have a distinct “chain rosette” spotted coat, a long ringed tail, and slightly rounded ears. Once ranging throughout the Southwest, today the only breeding population of ocelots in the U.S. is in Texas, where fewer than 60 ocelots remain in two small populations near the Mexican border. Occasionally, dispersing male ocelots from Mexico also migrate into southern Arizona. 

The biggest threat to the ocelot’s survival is the loss of habitat caused by the expansion of agricultural lands, urbanization, and roads. To ensure their future, we must enlarge and improve the amount of habitat with suitable vegetation available to these cats, while also addressing unintentional threats from nearby communities, like the use of rodenticide and the dangers of vehicular traffic.

Defenders' Impact

Defenders is working in South Texas to raise awareness of the presence of these cats on the landscape and the best practices for coexisting with them. We are dedicated to ensuring these cats can continue to live alongside these communities by engaging in education, outreach, and conservation activities in the Rio Grande Valley and throughout the state. 

As a part of a coalition of local and national partners, we are fighting the construction of liquified natural gas facilities in South Texas that would undermine ocelot recovery by directly impacting vital habitat and blocking a vital north-south migration corridor. 

Threats

In the United States and throughout their range, ocelots are impacted by habitat loss and fragmentation, vehicle strikes, unintentional poisoning from rodenticides, and hunting for fur and the pet trade.

Protection Status
Endangered Species Act
IUCN Red List
CITES
 Endangered
 Least Concern
 Appendix I
What You Can Do

Help us raise awareness of the ocelot’s presence in Texas. Speak up for ocelots and the continued support of endangered species protections, like the Endangered Species Act. 

Support efforts to protect private, state and federal land that is prime habitat for ocelots. Advocate for better road planning and wildlife crossings on Texas roads.

Raise your voice in opposition to liquid natural gas development in South Texas and the border wall, both of which will destroy native habitat and cut off the ocelot population from habitat in Mexico. 

If you live in ocelot country, practice proven coexistence techniques. Slow down and watch the roads for ocelots if you are driving through their habitat. Encourage poison-free rodent control techniques. Encourage hunters to use lead free, non-toxic ammunition. Adopt “Leave No Trace” ethics and organize clean-up activities in South Texas. Support and participate in habitat restoration planting days.

Facts
Latin Name
Leopardus pardalis
Size
15-35 pounds, 16-20 inches tall, and 28-35 inches long
Lifespan
10-13 years in the wild, up to 20 years in captivity
Range/Habitat

The ocelot ranges throughout the Western Hemisphere, from southern Texas to northern Argentina. This species lives in a variety of vegetated habitats, from tropical and subtropical rainforests in Central and South America to semi-arid thornscrub in Texas and northern Mexico. Ocelots depend on dense vegetation for protection, denning, raising young, and hunting.

Population

An estimated 800,000 to 1.5 million are found throughout the Western Hemisphere. In the U.S., fewer than 60 ocelots remain in two tiny populations in southeast Texas. Additionally, occasional migrants enter southern Arizona from Mexico. 

Behavior

Ocelots are strongly nocturnal, resting in trees or dense brush during the day. They are very active, traveling from one to five miles per night. Males usually travel farther than females, especially to look for mates.

Reproduction

Kittens are independent after about one year but may stay with their mother for an additional year.
Mating Season: October for ocelots in Texas, spring months in Central America
Gestation: 79-85 days
Litter size: 1-3

Diet

Ocelots are opportunistic hunters and eat a range of animals including rodents, rabbits, young deer, birds, snakes, lizards, and fish.

News

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