Protection Status

Endangered »

Endangered Species Act

Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), red wolves are listed as endangered (except for experimental populations), which means they are in danger of extinction within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of their range.  There are also special designations in certain areas, such as for experimental populations.

Critically Endangered »

IUCN Red List

IUCN Red List: The red wolf is listed as critically endangered, which indicates that it is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild, and the calculated probability of its extinction during the next 10 years is greater than 50%.

Appendix I »


Red wolves are listed in CITES Appendix I, which prohibits all commercial trade.