“This is an important victory for wildlife, communities and for our nation’s climate future. We urge the Biden Administration to move swiftly toward ending BLM’s coal leasing program in order to protect wildlife, our public lands, and our climate.”

McCrystie Adams, Defenders of Wildlife Managing Attorney
Great Falls, MT

A federal judge in Montana District Court ruled today to reinstate a moratorium on new coal leasing on public lands, halting all coal leasing on federal lands until the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) completes a more sufficient environmental analysis. Defenders of Wildlife is one of several plaintiffs on this case. 

The original moratorium set by the Obama administration in 2016 was overturned by Trump's Interior Secretary, Ryan Zinke, in 2017. The Biden administration revoked the Zinke order last year, but did not reinstate the moratorium. 

“This is an important victory for wildlife, communities and for our nation’s climate future,” said Defenders of Wildlife’s Managing Attorney, McCrystie Adams. “We urge the Biden Administration to move swiftly toward ending BLM’s coal leasing program in order to protect wildlife, our public lands, and our climate.” 

“The Tribe has fought and sacrificed to protect our homelands for generations, and our lands and waters mean everything to us,” said President Serena Wetherelt of the Northern Cheyenne Tribe. “We are thrilled that the court is requiring what we have always asked for: serious consideration of the impacts of the federal coal leasing program on the Tribe and our way of life. We hope that President Biden and Secretary Haaland fulfill their trust obligation to take a hard look at the overall energy program on federal lands and really consider how to make it best serve the Tribe, taxpayers, and the climate."

“This is a significant victory for our climate and the communities across the country who are impacted by our continued reliance on this dirty and dangerous fuel, but we cannot stop here,” said  Jenny Harbine, managing attorney for Earthjustice’s Northern Rockies office. “While this ruling reinstates the moratorium on new coal leasing on public lands, the Biden administration must go further by urgently phasing out the existing coal leases that are destroying our planet. There is no room to continue producing coal in a climate emergency.” 


Dave Johnson coal-fired power plant central Wyoming
Greg Goebel

In 2019, Tribal and conservation groups won a decision in court requiring an environmental analysis under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) before lifting the coal moratorium. The BLM’s truncated environmental analysis was woefully inadequate, so the groups went back to court in 2020 to challenge it. 

“It’s past time that this misguided action by the Trump administration is overturned,” said  Anne Hedges, with the Montana Environmental Information Center. “The coal leasing program on public lands is harmful to wildlife, waterways, our fragile climate, and taxpayers’ pocketbooks. There’s no excuse for how long it has taken to require the administration to follow the law and protect public resources. This administration needs to act quickly and protect the climate from its deeply flawed coal leasing program.” 

Last year, the Biden administration chose to maintain the Trump-era policy ending the coal leasing moratorium. In May 2021, Tribal and environmental groups challenged the Biden administration’s decision to defend continued coal leasing on public lands. 

“To protect our climate, we have to start keeping coal in the ground,” said  Jeremy Nichols, WildEarth Guardians’ climate and energy program director. “Today’s ruling is a major step forward in that direction and ensures the Biden administration stays on track to fulfill its promise to end federal fossil fuel leasing.” 

“This order marks a big win for our public lands and climate future,” said Taylor McKinnon at the Center for Biological Diversity. “Federal coal isn’t compatible with preserving a livable climate. The Biden administration must now undertake a full environmental review to bring the federal coal program to an orderly end.” 

"As we finally head towards passing historic climate legislation that will accelerate the transition from coal to clean energy, this ruling is yet another example of coal's closing window," said  Sierra Club Wyoming Director Connie Wilbert. "The BLM needs to shift our public land management to be a climate change solution, not a cause."  

According to a 2021 study, 90% of coal must remain unextracted by 2050 to meet a 1.5 °C target. 

Earthjustice represented the Northern Cheyenne Tribe, Citizens for Clean Energy, Montana Environmental Information Center, Center for Biological Diversity, Sierra Club, WildEarth Guardians, and Defenders of Wildlife in the case. 

Defenders of Wildlife is celebrating 75 years of protecting all native animals and plants in their natural communities. With a nationwide network of nearly 2.2 million members and activists, Defenders of Wildlife is a leading advocate for innovative solutions to safeguard our wildlife heritage for generations to come. For more information, visit defenders.org/newsroom and follow us on Twitter @Defenders.

Media Contact

Communications Specialist
(202) 772-0259


Chapel Hill, N.C.

Conservation Groups Win Lawsuit Challenging Elimination of Critical North Carolina Protections for Sea Turtles and Fish

In a new ruling by the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina, Cape Fear River Watch, North Carolina Wildlife Federation, and Defenders of Wildlife, represented by the Southern Environmental Law Center, succeeded in challenging the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ unjustified decision to eliminate the agency’s longstanding practice of limiting hopper dredging at Wilmington and Morehead City Harbors to winter months.
Pipeline cutting across landscape
Washington, DC

Defenders Applauds Exclusion of Manchin’s “Dirty Deal” from Government Funding Bill

After heavy pushback from Defenders of Wildlife and many other environmental groups, a broad spectrum of nonprofits, frontline communities, and members of Congress, Senate leaders announced that the permitting agreement championed by Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV), coined the “Dirty Deal,” will not be attached to the upcoming government funding bill.